Printers and Print Processes
Canon iPF 8300 44" printer
An original piece of art work viewed with our eyes can have enormous and wonderful variations of color and densities. However in the process of making fine quality giclee prints there are some translations principally with color gamut that affect the final print.
1. First origional artworks are usually scanned or photographed digitally to get an image that one can print. Yet the camera or scanner is not capable of the latitude of the human eye so the color gamut width is reduced in the process.
2. Second, when this digital image is displayed on a computer screen the visable image gamut is again reduced to fit the capability of the monitor which is by nature less wide than the digital image.
3. Third, when going from the monitor to the printer the gamut is again reduced to conform to what the printer is capable of printing.
The acronym WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) is often used to describe the match between what is shown on the monitor and what is printed. However many people doing digital printing are confounded to discover that the print they get is not such a good match to what they see on the monitor screen and they don't know why. But consider the differences here. On one hand a monitor needs carful hardware calibration with good calibration equipment and software but not everyone has the equipment nor is willing to do this. Also even if a monitor is calibrated correctly we are looking at a monitor screen from which light eminates and with a print we are looking at light reflecting off the media surface, these being quite different. Also given the enormous variety of media available today it is often the case that two different kinds of media (eg. canvas and paper) will not render the image the same. And finally there are signifigant differences between brands and versions of printer machines and one printer may print differently than another. Hence the bottom line is that WYSIWYG is not likely in digital ink jet printing, unless you are extremely lucky.
However what always amazes me is how close one can come to making a giclee print that almost matches the origional art work. Now likely this is the result of several factors. First one needs to use the proper equipment for the job. One also needs a good DSLR camera and a high end scanner to achieve the first step of the process, getting the best possible digital image from which to work. Next one needs to have a quality computer and large monitor on which to view the image and make changes in the image where needed. Thirdly one will benefit by having a state-of-the-art wide format printer that makes superb prints. And finally there is the person who does the printing. This person needs to bring their "expert eye and extensive knowledge" to making high quality giclee prints.
The thing about this last point is that Stan offers all this because he brings to giclee printing his 50 years as an artist and over 12 years in the giclee printing business either making prints both for himself and many other artists and non-artists when there are shows or exhibitions involved or also if one just wants exceptional art prints to put on their wall at home.
Giclee Fine Art Printing by Stan Bowman